Osteochondrosis is a disease in which the structure of the intervertebral joints and discs is disrupted, leading to compression of the spinal cord as a result of degenerative processes.Inflammatory processes cause severe pain; With a long-term disease, the function of internal organs may be impaired.Metabolic disease of the intervertebral discs is very painful, so it is important to know everything about osteochondrosis: what it is and how to treat osteochondrosis of the spine.
To understand the treatment of spinal diseases, you need to know what osteochondrosis is. At the heart of the disease is a violation of the trophism of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs.Intervertebral osteochondrosis causes changes in the proper structure of all tissues and parts of the spine. The cartilage disc lost its elasticity, shape, and consistency, causing a decrease in the distance between adjacent vertebrae. Instability leads to narrowing of the holes, tightening of the back muscles and compression of the nerve roots due to pain. Osteochondrosis looks like this.
Progressive osteochondrosis has complications in the form of protrusions and vertebral hernias. In the future, intervertebral osteochondrosis causes degenerative changes in the small joints of the spine, intervertebral ligaments. Due to bone growth, the elasticity of the column is lost, subluxations and curvatures begin to appear. In general, such processes are characteristic of physiological aging of the body, but the disease also affects young people. Therefore, the question of what to do with osteochondrosis worries almost all segments of the population. To do this, you need to learn the causes of the disease.
There are many factors that contribute to the development of osteochondrosis. The formation of the vascular bed begins with the intervertebral discs, and nutrition occurs according to the principle of diffusion.This is a factor that prevents discs from recovering from excessive stress and damage. A person often complains of back pain. The causes of osteochondrosis are directly related to the wrong lifestyle of people.
The main causes of osteochondrosis are the disproportionate distribution of the load on the spine, a very weak muscle corset. People over the age of thirty are at the greatest risk, especially if their work involves sitting for long periods of time. To find out how to get rid of osteochondrosis, you need to understand how it develops, what kind of damage to the spine during the disease.
What is the cause of osteochondrosis?Due to the influence of the above negative factors, the disease begins to progress through several stages of development.This is:
The most commonly used classification is based on the affected parts.
The symptoms of osteochondrosis depend on the location of the pathological process. How osteochondrosis manifests itself is an interesting question.The pain can be mild to severe and irritating, even unbearable.Symptoms and treatment are closely related. First aid to find out how and when to treat osteochondrosis of the back. The main symptoms of the disease, depending on the location:
Intervertebral osteochondrosis is characterized by a number of common symptoms. Rapid fatigue can be seen as stressful, both mentally and physically. In other organs, there is a "lumbago" in the muscles, the symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis begin to increase. During inflammation, pain, sneezing or coughing, bending, dizziness, dizziness increase. There is a cold in the upper and lower extremities. Prolonged posterior osteochondrosis causes virtually no pain, but as a result of the fusion of the affected vertebrae, the relevant parts of the spine lose mobility.
After detecting the symptoms of osteochondrosis, appropriate treatment is prescribed. After examination and questioning of the patient, the attending neurologist announces the initial diagnosis. In addition, instrumental diagnostic methods are used: CT - computed tomography, MRI - magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound Doppler, X-ray, myelography. A thorough examination helps to identify the accompanying complications of vertebral osteochondrosis: hernia, sciatica, bulge, kyphosis.
Is it possible to treat osteochondrosis?Treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine is a long, gradual process. The duration of the course depends on the age of the patient, the severity of osteochondrosis of the spine, treatment and compliance of the patient with all doctor's recommendations.Before fighting the disease, you should get acquainted with the main directions of therapy, learn how to treat osteochondrosis:
As already mentioned, the doctor must decide how to treat osteochondrosis of the spine. Depending on the severity of the disease, treatment is conservative or operative. A decision is made regarding surgical intervention, especially in severe, neglected cases of disease development. It is mainly used in the complex treatment of osteochondrosis. Drugs and medical technology from different industries are used together.
Effective treatment of osteochondrosis in the early stages is aimed at relieving pain. The patient wears special corsets to relieve stress on the spine. Medical treatment, physiotherapy are carried out. The next step is to take measures to prevent exacerbation of vertebral osteochondrosis. The most effective methods are used - physiotherapy exercises, massage, reflexology.
Medications are designed to relieve pain, inflammation, activate cartilage tissue regeneration, and improve blood circulation in affected tissues. The main groups of drugs for treatment:
There are additional medications that can help speed up the healing process:
Physiotherapy methods allow to activate the healing process, prolong the remission phase, prevent new exacerbations.The best physical therapy methods include:
Manual therapy, magnetotherapy, spinal traction, laser therapy, thermotherapy, mud therapy, shock wave therapy, healing showers and baths are also used to treat spinal osteochondrosis.All these methods significantly reduce the rate of disease development. The duration of a course can be up to fifteen days. Three or four repetitions of the course are held each year. An integrated approach to therapy helps to get rid of the inflammation of osteochondrosis forever.
I must say that the question is often asked whether osteochondrosis can be treated with folk remedies. No, but with basic treatment they help to reduce the condition, the methods should be agreed with the attending physician. Problem areas of the back can be treated with infusions and rubs. To do this, mix a glass of honey and a half cup of radish juice. Add one hundred grams of vodka. After mixing, the product should be rubbed well on the affected part of the lower back twice a day.
Another infusion is worth it. Thus, 500 grams of vodka is poured into a glass of lilac flowers. Insist in a tightly closed bowl for ten days. The filtered drug infusion is rubbed into the affected area.
A proper diet should include enough protein, fat and vitamins.Fast-digesting carbohydrates should be eliminated from the diet. The caloric content of meals should be between 1500 and 2500 kcal. With the exacerbation of the disease, nutrition should be deficient. Even after the condition of the spine has improved, it is necessary to eat in this way.
The first time you experience osteochondrosis, the question should not arise. The first step is to see a doctor who knows everything you need to know about osteochondrosis. Treatment is a very laborious and long process, accompanied by pain and inactivity of a person. Is it possible to treat osteochondrosis - the question remains open under the influence of many factors. Once you get rid of the acute symptoms, you should continue to look at your spine. The fight against the disease must be sustainable. In return, a person who defeats bad habits gains a healthy and strong spine.